SDG 2030

DIRECTOR / VARIOUS

As supports or climate change, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals aim to be completed by the year 2030. We have created this short series on what you can do to help the environment, the community, and the planet.

Poverty A Global Pandemic
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Poverty A Global Pandemic

Eradicating poverty means expanding the richness of human life, rather than simply the richness of the economy in which human beings live. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Poverty entails more than the lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihoods. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other essential services, social discrimination and exclusion, and the lack of participation in decision-making. Various social groups bear a disproportionate burden of poverty. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Based on GDP per capita in 2019 these are the poorest countries in the world: DRC, Mozambique, Uganda, Tajikistan, Yemen, Haiti, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Pakistan, Myanmar, Cambodia, Bangladesh, CDI, Kenya, Nicaragua, India, Nigeria, Ghana, Vietnam, Laos, Honduras, Egypt, Ukrain, Angola, Philippines, Moldova, Tunisia, Morocco, Bolivia, Venezuela, Indonesia, El Salvador, SriLanka, Algeria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Jordan, Kosovo, Mongolia, Guatemala, Belize, Iraq, Jamaica, Albania, Iran, Paraguay, Bosnia, South Africa, Belarus, Ecuador, Macedonia, Colombia, Turkmenistan, Peru, Thailand, Serbia, Turkey, Dominican Republic, Botswana, Montenegro, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Argentina, Bulgaria, China, Mexico, Russia, Malaysia, Costa Rica, Romania, Lebanon, Croatia, Poland, Panama, Chile, Hungary, Uruguay, Oman, Trinidad, Latvia, Lithuania, Greece, Slovakia, Saudi Arabia, Estonia, Portugal, CzechRepublic, Taiwan, Bahrain, Slovenia, Kuwait, Cyprus, Kuwait, Cyprus, Brunei, Malta, Korea, Spain, PuertoRico, Italy, UAE, NewZealand, Japan, Israel, United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Canada, Hong Kong, Germany, Finland, Austria, Netherlands, Sweden, Australia, Singapore, Denmark, Qatar, USA, Iceland, Ireland, Switzerland, Norway and Luxembourg. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- What will you do to eradicate poverty? Where does your country rank? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Video Editor: Joseph Sauchelli
Eat More Plants for A Healthy Planet | SDGs 2030
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Eat More Plants for A Healthy Planet | SDGs 2030

This week we focus on SDG 2 ( END HUNGER). Every morsel of food from every plate, bowl and cooking pot around the world takes a small bite from Earth’s resources. The human diet places a strain on the environment, water resources, biodiversity and just about every other measure of planetary health. With so much at stake, researchers have turned their attention to a pressing question: what sort of diet can the planet realistically support? The answer requires insights from fields such as nutrition, agriculture and climate research. “We need to produce food groups that are good for health in ways that are restorative to the planet, rather than extractive,” says Corinna Hawkes, director of the Centre for Food Policy at City, University of London. The particular foods on the plate will vary from one place to another, she says, but those meals need to add up to something more sustainable than society’s current fare. “When you look carefully at the big systems that regulate the stability of our planet, food is a dominant player in essentially all of them,” says Johan Rockström, an environmental scientist at Stockholm University. In 2019, Rockström, Hawkes and other members of an international group of scientists proposed the EAT-Lancet diet1, a global meal plan that could, in theory, feed 2050’s estimated population of 10 billion people (see ‘Planetary-health diet’). That plan called for drastic cuts in meat consumption and a much higher intake of fruits and vegetables. But it proved controversial with meat-industry proponents and economists, and the quest for a planetary diet continues. When researchers and policymakers convene at the United Nations Food Systems Summit in late 2021, a healthy-planet diet will be near the top of the agenda. Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03443-6
Save The Planet: Coral Reefs, Life Below Water
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Save The Planet: Coral Reefs, Life Below Water

Climate change is the greatest global threat to coral reef ecosystems. Scientific evidence now clearly indicates that the Earth's atmosphere and ocean are warming and that these changes are primarily due to greenhouse gases derived from human activities. As temperatures rise, mass coral bleaching events and infectious disease outbreaks are becoming more frequent. Additionally, carbon dioxide absorbed into the ocean from the atmosphere has already begun to reduce calcification rates in reef-building and reef-associated organisms by altering seawater chemistry through decreases in pH. This process is called ocean acidification. Climate change will affect coral reef ecosystems, through sea-level rise, changes to the frequency and intensity of tropical storms, and altered ocean circulation patterns. When combined, all of these impacts dramatically alter ecosystem function, as well as the goods and services coral reef ecosystems provide to people around the globe. Threats to coral reefs: climate change Increased greenhouse gases from human activities result in climate change and ocean acidification. Climate change = ocean change. The world's ocean is a massive sink that absorbs carbon dioxide (CO2). Although this has slowed global warming, it is also changing ocean chemistry. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Video Editor: Joseph Sauchelli
Save The Planet: Masks and Ocean Pollution
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Save The Planet: Masks and Ocean Pollution

Conservationists have warned that the coronavirus pandemic could spark a surge in ocean pollution – adding to a glut of plastic waste that already threatens marine life – after finding disposable masks floating like jellyfish and waterlogged latex gloves scattered across seabeds. The French non-profit Opération Mer Propre, whose activities include regularly picking up litter along the Côte d’Azur, began sounding the alarm late last month. Divers had found what Joffrey Peltier of the organization described as “Covid waste” – dozens of gloves, masks, and bottles of hand sanitizer beneath the waves of the Mediterranean, mixed in with the usual litter of disposable cups and aluminum cans. The quantities of masks and gloves found were far from enormous, said Peltier. But he worried that the discovery hinted at a new kind of pollution, one set to become ubiquitous after millions around the world turned to single-use plastics to combat the coronavirus. “It’s the promise of pollution to come if nothing is done,” said Peltier. In the years leading up to the pandemic, environmentalists had warned of the threat posed to oceans and marine life by skyrocketing plastic pollution. As much as 13 million tonnes of plastic goes into oceans each year, according to a 2018 estimate by UN Environment. The Mediterranean sees 570,000 tonnes of plastic flow into it annually – an amount the WWF has described as equal to dumping 33,800 plastic bottles every minute into the sea. These figures risk growing substantially as countries around the world confront the coronavirus pandemic. Masks often contain plastics such as polypropylene, said Éric Pauget, a French politician whose region includes the Côte d’Azur. Source: The Guardian --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Video Editor: Louisa McGrath
Save The Planet: Hurricanes & Climate Change
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Save The Planet: Hurricanes & Climate Change

Warm ocean temperatures are one of the key factors that strengthen hurricane development when overall conditions are conducive for their formation and growth. Hurricanes require high humidity, relatively constant winds at different altitudes, and can occur when surface ocean temperatures exceed about 79°F (26°C). The rising of warm, moist air from the ocean helps to power the storm. Two other factors may also be contributing to the rising intensities of hurricanes. First, warm air holds more water vapor than cold air—and the rising air temperatures since the 1970s have caused the atmospheric water vapor content to rise as well. This increased moisture provides additional fuel for hurricanes. Climate models project an increase in the average precipitation rate of hurricanes as a result of global warming. Second, as ocean temperatures rise, there is also less cold, subsurface ocean water to serve as a braking mechanism for hurricanes. When strong storm winds churn up cold subsurface water, the cooler waters can serve to weaken the storm. But if deeper waters become too warm, this natural braking mechanism weakens. For example, Hurricane Katrina intensified significantly when it hit deep pools of warm water in the Gulf of Mexico. Not all changes in climate will fuel hurricanes. For example, when there are large changes in wind speed at different altitudes (also known as "vertical wind shear") above an area of the ocean, those conditions can interfere with hurricane formation. There is evidence that climate change may increase vertical wind shear over some regions in the western tropical Atlantic Ocean. However, when scientists put the pieces together, they project that in general, hurricanes will become more intense in a warming world, with higher wind speeds and greater levels of precipitation. Recent experiences with superstorms like Sandy in 2012, Harvey, Irma and Maria, all in 2017, have left some valuable lessons: We can’t afford to ignore global warming. Investing for the present and future of a changing climate is pressing. How are we preparing our communities, and making sure that we don’t leave people behind? What actions are we taking to mitigate? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Video Editor: Joseph Sauchelli
Save The Planet: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
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Save The Planet: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Worldwide consumption and production — a driving force of the global economy — rest on the use of the natural environment and resources in a way that continues to have destructive impacts on the planet. Economic and social progress over the last century has been accompanied by environmental degradation that is endangering the very systems on which our future development — indeed, our very survival — depends. A few facts and figures: Each year, an estimated one third of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tonnes worth around $1 trillion – ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers, or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices. If people worldwide switched to energy efficient light bulbs the world would save US$120 billion annually. Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles. The COVID-19 pandemic offers countries an opportunity to build recovery plans that will reverse current trends and change our consumption and production patterns towards a more sustainable future. Sustainable consumption and production is about doing more and better with less. It is also about decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation, increasing resource efficiency and promoting sustainable lifestyles. Sustainable consumption and production can also contribute substantially to poverty alleviation and the transition towards low-carbon and green economies. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Video Editor: Louisa McGrath